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Bloco de Índio E-mail
The term "Bloco de Índio" (literally "Association of North American Indians") refers to a genre of Bahian carnival association that was popular until the 1970s. Blocos the Índio used the rythms of samba schools while choosing names and wearing costumes inspired by the North American Native Indians seen in Hollywood films in local movie theatres.

Historically, Blocos de Indios can be regarded as a link between the early Afoxés of the late 19th century and the modern Blocos Afros. While not carrying any precise ideological message, the allegory of the rebel native who resists white culture conveyed by the North American indian outfit in conjunction with the traditional Afrobrazilian samba rythms made the Blocos the Índio an early expression of modern Black Power oriented movements in Brazil. Before the advent of the Blocos Afros in the early 1970s, Blocos de Índio formed the largest neotraditional black segment in Bahian Carnival and represented an important counterweight to large white upper class associations like "Os Internacionais" and "Os Corujas". Until the late 1970s, Blocos de Indio made up a significant segment of Bahian street carnival, among the largest and most famed being the "Apaches do Tororó" with up to 5000 participants.

Heres some footage of a Bloco de Indio parading in Salvador, in 1989: